Many people have crowded or crooked teeth. When the teeth or jaws do not fit together correctly, they interfere with proper chewing and lead to excess wear and tear of the prominent teeth. Worse still, misaligned teeth can increase the risk of developing problems like gum disease, tooth decay, bad breath, cracked teeth, temporomandibular joint disorder, and chronic headache. Also, if your teeth are not well aligned, you may feel embarrassed whenever you smile, lowering your self-esteem.
To some people, misaligned teeth are unique and add charm to their smile. However, if you are not comfortable with your look or causing health problems, you should consider orthodontic treatment. This post will help you understand how orthodontics work and how they can help you restore health and the beauty of your smile.
What is Orthodontic Treatment?
Orthodontic treatment is a way of straightening or moving teeth to align them properly and improve their appearance and function. By aligning your teeth and jaws, it lowers the risks of developing health problems
How Does Orthodontic Treatment Work?
Your dentist first examines the state of your teeth and the alignment of your bite. With the help of an x-ray, your doctor will be in a position to determine the type of orthodontic work you need. Depending on your case, the orthodontist will recommend either fixed or removable ortho therapy. Orthodontic treatment involves using appliances such as braces, clear aligners, Temporary Anchorage Devices (TADs), and power chains to move teeth and align the jaws. An orthodontist moves your teeth gently with the help of the appliances to guide them to their ideal position over a certain time.
The breakdown and the regeneration of bone tissue aid the movement of teeth. Once the teeth are in a new position, your dentist will recommend retainers to give the new bone a chance to harden and support the new positions of the teeth after they have been moved.
How Do I Know If I Need Orthodontic Treatment
While at times it is apparent that you need orthodontic treatment, other times it can be not easy to tell. It’s always advisable to have children examined by age 7 to enable the orthodontist to give a treatment plan that will align their permanent teeth properly. Some of the signs that you need orthodontic treatment include:
An overbite occurs when the upper front teeth extend too far out over the lower front teeth, or the upper jaw extends forward more than the lower jaw. When this happens, your lower front teeth might seem to be hidden by the upper teeth such that when you smile, only the gums and the other teeth are visible. Extreme protrusion of the upper jaw may cause the lower teeth to bite into the roof of the mouth.
Just as the name implies, an underbite occurs when the lower jaw extends further out more than the upper jaw. In this case, the front lower teeth rest in front of the upper front teeth. Sometimes, the upper teeth may bite into the floor of the mouth and damage the gums, wear out the incisors and cause other related problems.
Crossbites occur when you don’t treat an overbite and underbite in time. In this instance, the upper teeth sit inside the lower teeth and may cause misaligned jaw growth. People with crossbites find it difficult to close their mouths without moving their jaws to a particular position. Even worse, it may bring facial asymmetry.
Open bite occurs when the lower and the upper front teeth don’t overlap. This may affect chewing. Besides, people with open bites tend to develop unwanted habits such as thumb sucking and tongue thrusting.
Misplaced midline involves symmetrical discrepancies where the centre of the two upper front teeth and the lower front teeth do not match. Deviated or misplaced midline causes your back bite from fitting correctly and may negatively impact jaw function and proper dental function.
Spacing problems occur because of missing teeth or an overly- large jaw bone. When the teeth are too small for the jaw bone, you have gaps between your teeth. The standard treatment for spacing is braces.
Crowding is the opposite of spacing. It occurs when your teeth do not have sufficient room to grow or the teeth are too big to fit, usually in the jawbone. Crowding is unattractive and may lead to dental problems like tooth decay and periodontal disease because it is not easy to clean overlapping teeth surfaces.
Why Should I Have Orthodontic Treatment?
Orthodontic treatment straightens and aligns your teeth for better function. It also helps improve your appearance, how teeth bite together and make cleaning your teeth easier. When your bite is not even due to protruding jaws and teeth, it may strain your jaw muscles, injure your jaw joint and cause your incisors to wear out. Upon evaluation, your orthodontist will identify potential tooth alignment issues and initiate a treatment plan to correct the problem.
Now that you have a clear picture of how orthodontics works, you don’t have to feel embarrassed about your smile. Whether you are experiencing overcrowding, gaps, crooked teeth, or misalignment, our team of experienced dentists will help restore that beautiful, symmetrical, and natural-looking smile you desire. With over 35 years of helping people with a range of dental issues, our dentists have a high level of technical expertise and experience. Contact us today to book an appointment.